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Offering commentary and analysis from Washington, Oregon, and Idaho, The Cascadia Advocate provides the Northwest Progressive Institute's uplifting perspective on world, national, and local politics.

Sunday, December 3rd, 2023

Last Week In Congress: How Cascadia’s U.S. lawmakers voted (November 27th-Dec. 1st)

Good morn­ing! Here’s how Cascadia’s Mem­bers of Con­gress vot­ed on major issues dur­ing the leg­isla­tive week end­ing Decem­ber 1st, 2023.

Chamber of the United States House of Representatives

The House cham­ber (U.S. Con­gress photo)

EXPELLING GEORGE SANTOS: The House on Decem­ber 1st passed a res­o­lu­tion (H. Res. 878), spon­sored by Rep­re­sen­ta­tive Michael Guest, R‑Mississippi, to expel George San­tos from the House. The cit­ed grounds for removal includ­ed: cam­paign finance fraud, false state­ments on House finan­cial dis­clo­sure forms, and lying to receive unem­ploy­ment benefits.

Guest said there was “a com­plex web of unlaw­ful activ­i­ty involv­ing Rep­re­sen­ta­tive San­tos’ cam­paign, per­son­al, and busi­ness finances.” San­tos said: “I have done the best I can to serve in this body and to deliv­er the best I can in my cam­paign promis­es to vote as a con­ser­v­a­tive voice in this body.” The vote to expel San­tos, on Dec. 1, was 311 yeas to 114 nays, with 2 vot­ing present.

The State of Idaho

Vot­ing Yea (1): Repub­li­can Rep­re­sen­ta­tive Mike Simpson

Vot­ing Nay (1): Repub­li­can Rep­re­sen­ta­tive Russ Fulcher

The State of Oregon

Vot­ing Yea (6): Demo­c­ra­t­ic Rep­re­sen­ta­tives Suzanne Bonam­i­ci, Val Hoyle, Earl Blu­me­nauer, and Andrea Sali­nas; Repub­li­can Rep­re­sen­ta­tives Cliff Bentz and Lori Chavez-DeRemer

The State of Washington

Vot­ing Yea (9): Demo­c­ra­t­ic Rep­re­sen­ta­tives Suzan Del­Bene, Rick Larsen, Marie Glue­senkamp Perez, Derek Kilmer, Prami­la Jaya­pal, Kim Schri­er, Adam Smith, and Mar­i­lyn Strick­land; Repub­li­can Rep­re­sen­ta­tive Dan Newhouse

Not Vot­ing (1): Repub­li­can Rep­re­sen­ta­tive Cathy McMor­ris Rodgers

Cas­ca­dia total: 16 yea votes, 1 nay vote, 1 not voting

VOIDING CFPB RULE ON DISCLOSURE OF SMALL BUSINESS CREDIT APPLICATION INFO: The House on Decem­ber 1st passed a res­o­lu­tion (S.J. Res 32), spon­sored by Sen­a­tor John Kennedy, R‑Louisiana, to dis­ap­prove of and void a Con­sumer Finan­cial Pro­tec­tion Bureau agency rule issued this May that requires banks and oth­er finan­cial com­pa­nies to sub­mit small busi­ness cred­it appli­ca­tion infor­ma­tion to the Bureau. A res­o­lu­tion sup­port­er, Rep­re­sen­ta­tive Roger Williams, R‑Texas, said the rule was over­ly broad, bur­den­some, dis­cour­aged lend­ing because of com­pli­ance costs, con­tained imple­men­ta­tion prob­lems, and could leave lenders vul­ner­a­ble to unjust attacks from left-wing activist groups.

An oppo­nent, Rep­re­sen­ta­tive Max­ine Waters, D‑California, said the rule “would sim­ply require lenders to col­lect and report data on small busi­ness lend­ing. This data will help dri­ve com­pe­ti­tion in the mar­ket, low­er­ing small busi­ness costs, and help com­bat discrimination.”

The vote was 221 yeas to 202 nays, with 1 vot­ing present.

Pres­i­dent Biden is expect­ed to veto the resolution.

The State of Idaho

Vot­ing Yea (2): Repub­li­can Rep­re­sen­ta­tives Russ Fulcher and Mike Simpson

The State of Oregon

Vot­ing Yea (2): Repub­li­can Rep­re­sen­ta­tives Cliff Bentz and Lori Chavez-DeRemer

Vot­ing Nay (4): Demo­c­ra­t­ic Rep­re­sen­ta­tives Suzanne Bonam­i­ci, Earl Blu­me­nauer, Val Hoyle, and Andrea Salinas

The State of Washington

Vot­ing Yea (2): Demo­c­ra­t­ic Rep­re­sen­ta­tive Marie Glue­senkamp Perez; Repub­li­can Rep­re­sen­ta­tive Dan Newhouse

Vot­ing Nay (7): Demo­c­ra­t­ic Rep­re­sen­ta­tives Suzan Del­Bene, Rick Larsen, Derek Kilmer, Prami­la Jaya­pal, Kim Schri­er, Adam Smith, and Mar­i­lyn Strickland

Not Vot­ing (1): Repub­li­can Rep­re­sen­ta­tive Cathy McMor­ris Rodgers

Cas­ca­dia total: 6 yea votes, 11 nay votes, 1 not voting

RELEASE OF HOSTAGES HELD BY HAMAS: The House on Novem­ber 28th passed a res­o­lu­tion (H. Res. 793), spon­sored by Rep­re­sen­ta­tive Haley M. Stevens, D‑Michigan, call­ing for Hamas to imme­di­ate­ly release the hostages it took in its attack on Israel in Octo­ber. Stevens said: “We must con­demn the ter­ror­ists who seek to attack the Jew­ish state. They have bru­tal­ly killed rel­a­tives, neigh­bors, and fel­low Israelis. We must con­tin­ue to push to return the remain­ing hostages.”

The vote was unan­i­mous with 414 yeas.

The State of Idaho

Vot­ing Yea (2): Repub­li­can Rep­re­sen­ta­tives Russ Fulcher and Mike Simpson

The State of Oregon

Vot­ing Yea (6): Demo­c­ra­t­ic Rep­re­sen­ta­tives Suzanne Bonam­i­ci, Val Hoyle, Earl Blu­me­nauer, and Andrea Sali­nas; Repub­li­can Rep­re­sen­ta­tives Cliff Bentz and Lori Chavez-DeRemer

The State of Washington

Vot­ing Yea (10): Demo­c­ra­t­ic Rep­re­sen­ta­tives Suzan Del­Bene, Rick Larsen, Marie Glue­senkamp Perez, Derek Kilmer, Prami­la Jaya­pal, Kim Schri­er, Adam Smith, and Mar­i­lyn Strick­land; Repub­li­can Rep­re­sen­ta­tives Dan New­house and Cathy McMor­ris Rodgers

Cas­ca­dia total: 18 yea votes

SOLIDARITY WITH ISRAEL: The House on Novem­ber 28th passed a res­o­lu­tion (H. Res. 888), spon­sored by Rep­re­sen­ta­tive Mike Lawler, R‑New York., to reaf­firm Israel’s right to exist, con­demn Hamas’s attack on Israel, and deem the denial of Israel’s right to exist a form of anti-Semitism.

Lawler said: “Con­gress must nev­er stop push­ing back against Israel’s oppo­nents, and we must reject biased attempts to destroy our great­est ally.”

The vote was 412 yeas to 1 nay, with 1 vot­ing present.

The State of Idaho

Vot­ing Yea (2): Repub­li­can Rep­re­sen­ta­tives Russ Fulcher and Mike Simpson

The State of Oregon

Vot­ing Yea (6): Demo­c­ra­t­ic Rep­re­sen­ta­tives Suzanne Bonam­i­ci, Val Hoyle, Earl Blu­me­nauer, and Andrea Sali­nas; Repub­li­can Rep­re­sen­ta­tives Cliff Bentz and Lori Chavez-DeRemer

The State of Washington

Vot­ing Yea (10): Demo­c­ra­t­ic Rep­re­sen­ta­tives Suzan Del­Bene, Rick Larsen, Marie Glue­senkamp Perez, Derek Kilmer, Prami­la Jaya­pal, Kim Schri­er, Adam Smith, and Mar­i­lyn Strick­land; Repub­li­can Rep­re­sen­ta­tives Dan New­house and Cathy McMor­ris Rodgers

Cas­ca­dia total: 18 yea votes

SANCTIONS AGAINST FIRMS HELPING FACILITATE IRANIAN ACCESS TO FUNDS: The House on Novem­ber 30th passed the No Funds for Iran­ian Ter­ror­ism Act (H.R. 5961), spon­sored by Rep­re­sen­ta­tive Michael T. McCaul, R‑Texas, to require sanc­tions against for­eign finan­cial firms that attempt to help Iran trans­fer $6 bil­lion that had been held in restrict­ed accounts in South Korea but were de-restrict­ed to facil­i­tate the release of five U.S. cit­i­zens detained in Iran.

McCaul said: “Block­ing mon­ey to Iran is the most con­se­quen­tial thing we can do here in this Con­gress to stop Iran’s financ­ing of ter­ror­ism to Hamas and oth­er prox­ies to help keep our troops safe who are now under fire from Iran-backed mili­tias.” An oppo­nent, Rep­re­sen­ta­tive Gre­go­ry Meeks, D‑N.Y., said the bill would remove U.S. lever­age against Iran by break­ing a nego­ti­at­ed agree­ment under which the $6 bil­lion could only be used in Iran for “approved human­i­tar­i­an pur­chas­es to acquire med­i­cine, med­ical equip­ment, agri­cul­tur­al goods, and food.”

The vote was 307 yeas to 119 nays, with 1 vot­ing present.

The State of Idaho

Vot­ing Yea (2): Repub­li­can Rep­re­sen­ta­tives Russ Fulcher and Mike Simpson

The State of Oregon

Vot­ing Yea (4): Demo­c­ra­t­ic Rep­re­sen­ta­tives Val Hoyle and Andrea Sali­nas; Repub­li­can Rep­re­sen­ta­tives Lori Chavez-DeRe­mer and Cliff Bentz

Vot­ing Nay (2): Demo­c­ra­t­ic Rep­re­sen­ta­tives Suzanne Bonam­i­ci and Earl Blumenauer

The State of Washington

Vot­ing Yea (7): Demo­c­ra­t­ic Rep­re­sen­ta­tives Rick Larsen, Marie Glue­senkamp Perez, Derek Kilmer, Kim Schri­er, and Mar­i­lyn Strick­land; Repub­li­can Rep­re­sen­ta­tives Dan New­house and Cathy McMor­ris Rodgers

Vot­ing Nay (3): Demo­c­ra­t­ic Rep­re­sen­ta­tives Suzan Del­Bene, Prami­la Jaya­pal, and Adam Smith

Cas­ca­dia total: 13 yea votes, 5 nay votes

CRITICIZING BIDEN ADMINISTRATION FOR INSUFFICIENT DENUNCIATIONS OF HOUTHIS: The House on Novem­ber 30th passed an amend­ment spon­sored by Rep. Andrew Ogles, R‑Tenn., to the No Funds for Iran­ian Ter­ror­ism Act (H.R. 5961), to crit­i­cize the Biden admin­is­tra­tion for fail­ing to unequiv­o­cal­ly con­demn the Houthi group in Yemen, which is sup­port­ed by Iran.

Ogles cit­ed attacks against U.S. cit­i­zens and mil­i­tary ships by the Houthis, and said the lack of con­dem­na­tion “is to the detri­ment of our nation­al security.”

An oppo­nent, Rep­re­sen­ta­tive Gre­go­ry Meeks, D‑New York, said that in fact the admin­is­tra­tion “has repeat­ed­ly called out the vio­lence of Houthi mil­i­tants that they have per­pet­u­at­ed against civil­ians, includ­ing recent mis­sile launch­es toward Israel.” The vote, was 226 yeas to 199 nays, with 1 vot­ing present.

The State of Idaho

Vot­ing Yea (2): Repub­li­can Rep­re­sen­ta­tives Russ Fulcher and Mike Simpson

The State of Oregon

Vot­ing Yea (2): Repub­li­can Rep­re­sen­ta­tives Cliff Bentz and Lori Chavez-DeRemer

Vot­ing Nay (4): Demo­c­ra­t­ic Rep­re­sen­ta­tives Suzanne Bonam­i­ci, Earl Blu­me­nauer, Val Hoyle, and Andrea Salinas

The State of Washington

Vot­ing Yea (3): Demo­c­ra­t­ic Rep­re­sen­ta­tive Marie Glue­senkamp Perez; Repub­li­can Rep­re­sen­ta­tives Dan New­house and Cathy McMor­ris Rodgers

Vot­ing Nay (7): Demo­c­ra­t­ic Rep­re­sen­ta­tives Suzan Del­Bene, Rick Larsen, Derek Kilmer, Prami­la Jaya­pal, Kim Schri­er, Adam Smith, and Mar­i­lyn Strickland

Cas­ca­dia total: 7 yea votes, 11 nay votes

REPUBLICAN BILL TO PUNISH IMMIGRANTS: The House on Novem­ber 30th passed the Pro­tect­ing our Com­mu­ni­ties from Fail­ure to Secure the Bor­der Act (H.R. 5283), spon­sored by Rep­re­sen­ta­tive Nicole Mallio­takis, R‑New York, to bar the fed­er­al gov­ern­ment from using var­i­ous fed­er­al lands to house for­eign nation­als not autho­rized to be in the U.S.

Mallio­takis said hous­ing immi­grants on fed­er­al lands was not fair to peo­ple who are going through the legal pro­ce­dures for mov­ing to the U.S., and she cit­ed the bur­den that has been placed on New York City by a recent agree­ment to house at least 2,000 unau­tho­rized migrants at a fed­er­al facil­i­ty in Brooklyn.

A bill oppo­nent, Rep­re­sen­ta­tive Dan Gold­man, D‑New York, called it “anoth­er ploy by the Repub­li­cans to score polit­i­cal points with­out actu­al­ly address­ing the des­per­ate­ly need­ed reforms to our immi­gra­tion system.”

The vote, on Nov. 30, was 224 yeas to 203 nays, with 1 vot­ing present.

The State of Idaho

Vot­ing Yea (2): Repub­li­can Rep­re­sen­ta­tives Russ Fulcher and Mike Simpson

The State of Oregon

Vot­ing Yea (2): Repub­li­can Rep­re­sen­ta­tives Cliff Bentz and Lori Chavez-DeRemer

Vot­ing Nay (4): Demo­c­ra­t­ic Rep­re­sen­ta­tives Suzanne Bonam­i­ci, Earl Blu­me­nauer, Val Hoyle, and Andrea Salinas

The State of Washington

Vot­ing Yea (3): Demo­c­ra­t­ic Rep­re­sen­ta­tive Marie Glue­senkamp Perez; Repub­li­can Rep­re­sen­ta­tives Dan New­house and Cathy McMor­ris Rodgers

Vot­ing Nay (7): Demo­c­ra­t­ic Rep­re­sen­ta­tives Suzan Del­Bene, Rick Larsen, Derek Kilmer, Prami­la Jaya­pal, Kim Schri­er, Adam Smith, and Mar­i­lyn Strickland

Cas­ca­dia total: 7 yea votes, 11 nay votes

ADDITIONAL VOTES BY VOICE: Along with roll call votes this week, the House passed these mea­sures by voice vote:

  • a bill (H.R. 4666), to require the Inspec­tor Gen­er­al of the Small Busi­ness Admin­is­tra­tion to sub­mit a quar­ter­ly report on fraud relat­ing to cer­tain COVID-19 loans;
  • the Return­ing Erro­neous COVID Loans Address­ing Ille­gal and Mis­ap­pro­pri­at­ed Tax­pay­er Funds Act (H.R. 4667), to require the Small Busi­ness Admin­is­tra­tion to issue guid­ance and rules for lenders on han­dling amounts of Pay­check Pro­tec­tion Loans returned by borrowers;
  • the Small Busi­ness Con­tract­ing Trans­paren­cy Act (H.R. 4670), to require report­ing on addi­tion­al infor­ma­tion with respect to small busi­ness con­cerns owned and con­trolled by women, qual­i­fied HUB­Zone small busi­ness con­cerns, and small busi­ness con­cerns owned and con­trolled by veterans;
  • and a bill (H.R. 5427), to pro­hib­it indi­vid­u­als con­vict­ed of defraud­ing the fed­er­al gov­ern­ment from receiv­ing any assis­tance from the Small Busi­ness Administration.

In the United States Senate

Chamber of the United States Senate

The Sen­ate cham­ber (U.S. Con­gress photo)

JEFFREY M. BRYAN, U.S. DISTRICT COURT JUDGE: The Sen­ate on Novem­ber 28th con­firmed the nom­i­na­tion of Jef­frey M. Bryan to be a judge on the U.S. Dis­trict Court for Min­neso­ta. For the past decade, Bryan has been a dis­trict court and appeals court judge in Min­neso­ta; pre­vi­ous­ly, he was a fed­er­al pros­e­cu­tor in the state. A sup­port­er, Sen­a­tor Amy Klobuchar, D‑Minnesota, said of Bryan: “Through his devo­tion to jus­tice and the rule of law, he has earned the respect and sup­port of judges, attor­neys, and law enforce­ment offi­cials across the polit­i­cal spec­trum.” The vote was 49 yeas to 46 nays.

The State of Idaho

Vot­ing Nay (2):
Repub­li­can Sen­a­tors Jim Risch and Mike Crapo

The State of Oregon

Vot­ing Yea (2):
Demo­c­ra­t­ic Sen­a­tors Ron Wyden and Jeff Merkley

The State of Washington

Vot­ing Yea (2):
Demo­c­ra­t­ic Sen­a­tors Maria Cantwell and Pat­ty Murray

Cas­ca­dia total: 4 yea votes, 2 nay votes

MARGARET M. GARNETT, U.S. DISTRICT COURT JUDGE: The Sen­ate on Novem­ber 28th con­firmed the nom­i­na­tion of Mar­garet M. Gar­nett to be a judge on the U.S. Dis­trict Court for the South­ern Dis­trict of New York.

Over the past two decades, Gar­nett has var­i­ous­ly been a pri­vate prac­tice lawyer, pros­e­cu­tor in the U.S. Attor­ney’s Office for the South­ern Dis­trict, and lawyer for the New York and New York City gov­ern­ments. A sup­port­er, Sen­ate Major­i­ty Leader Chuck Schumer, D‑New York, called Gar­nett not just “bril­liant but wise, not just deter­mined but kind, not just an out­stand­ing lawyer but a true friend and defend­er of our sys­tem” of jus­tice. The vote was 49 yeas to 46 nays.

The State of Idaho

Vot­ing Nay (2):
Repub­li­can Sen­a­tors Jim Risch and Mike Crapo

The State of Oregon

Vot­ing Yea (2):
Demo­c­ra­t­ic Sen­a­tors Ron Wyden and Jeff Merkley

The State of Washington

Vot­ing Yea (2):
Demo­c­ra­t­ic Sen­a­tors Maria Cantwell and Pat­ty Murray

Cas­ca­dia total: 4 yea votes, 2 nay votes

CONTINUING DEBATE ON LABOR APPOINTEE: The Sen­ate on Novem­ber 28th reject­ed a clo­ture motion to end debate on the nom­i­na­tion of Jose Javier Rodriguez to be the Labor Depart­men­t’s Assis­tant Sec­re­tary for Employ­ment and Train­ing. Rodriguez is a pri­vate prac­tice lawyer in Mia­mi, spe­cial­iz­ing in employ­ment law; he was, for eight years, a mem­ber of the Flori­da state leg­is­la­ture. The vote was 44 yeas to 51 nays.

The State of Idaho

Vot­ing Nay (2):
Repub­li­can Sen­a­tors Jim Risch and Mike Crapo

The State of Oregon

Vot­ing Yea (2):
Demo­c­ra­t­ic Sen­a­tors Ron Wyden and Jeff Merkley

The State of Washington

Vot­ing Yea (2):
Demo­c­ra­t­ic Sen­a­tors Maria Cantwell and Pat­ty Murray

Cas­ca­dia total: 4 yea votes, 2 nay votes

MICAH SMITH, U.S. DISTRICT COURT JUDGE: The Sen­ate on Novem­ber 29th con­firmed the nom­i­na­tion of Mic­ah Smith to be a judge on the U.S. Dis­trict Court for Hawaii. Since 2012, Smith has been a fed­er­al pros­e­cu­tor in U.S. Attor­ney’s Offices in first New York and then Hawaii.

The vote was 57 yeas to 41 nays.

The State of Idaho

Vot­ing Nay (2):
Repub­li­can Sen­a­tors Jim Risch and Mike Crapo

The State of Oregon

Vot­ing Yea (2):
Demo­c­ra­t­ic Sen­a­tors Ron Wyden and Jeff Merkley

The State of Washington

Vot­ing Yea (2):
Demo­c­ra­t­ic Sen­a­tors Maria Cantwell and Pat­ty Murray

Cas­ca­dia total: 4 yea votes, 2 nay votes

JAMEL SEMPER, U.S. DISTRICT COURT JUDGE: The Sen­ate on Novem­ber 29th con­firmed the nom­i­na­tion of Jamel Sem­per to be a judge on the U.S. Dis­trict Court for New Jer­sey. A state pros­e­cu­tor for most of the 2010s, Sem­per has, since 2018, been a pros­e­cu­tor in the U.S. Attor­ney’s Office for New Jer­sey. A sup­port­er, Sen­a­tor Robert Menen­dez, D‑New Jer­sey, said: “Sem­per has demon­strat­ed unflinch­ing fideli­ty to the rule of law. Time and time again, Mr. Sem­per has kept New Jer­seyans safe, while also build­ing bridges between res­i­dents and those who have sworn an oath to pro­tect them.” The vote was 54 yeas to 44 nays.

The State of Idaho

Vot­ing Nay (2):
Repub­li­can Sen­a­tors Jim Risch and Mike Crapo

The State of Oregon

Vot­ing Yea (2):
Demo­c­ra­t­ic Sen­a­tors Ron Wyden and Jeff Merkley

The State of Washington

Vot­ing Yea (2):
Demo­c­ra­t­ic Sen­a­tors Maria Cantwell and Pat­ty Murray

Cas­ca­dia total: 4 yea votes, 2 nay votes

SHANLYN PARK, U.S. DISTRICT COURT JUDGE: The Sen­ate on Novem­ber 30th con­firmed the nom­i­na­tion of Shan­lyn Park to be a judge on the U.S. Dis­trict Court for Hawaii. Park has been a cir­cuit court judge in Hawai­i’s gov­ern­ment since 2021; pre­vi­ous­ly, she had been a pri­vate prac­tice lawyer, and was a fed­er­al pub­lic defend­er in the state for two decades. A sup­port­er, Sen­a­tor Mazie Hirono, D‑Hawaii, said: “As a judge, she has earned high marks for her even-hand­ed approach and well-rea­soned, fair deci­sions.” The vote was 53 yeas to 45 nays.

The State of Idaho

Vot­ing Nay (2):
Repub­li­can Sen­a­tors Jim Risch and Mike Crapo

The State of Oregon

Vot­ing Yea (2):
Demo­c­ra­t­ic Sen­a­tors Ron Wyden and Jeff Merkley

The State of Washington

Vot­ing Yea (2):
Demo­c­ra­t­ic Sen­a­tors Maria Cantwell and Pat­ty Murray

Cas­ca­dia total: 4 yea votes, 2 nay votes

ADDITIONAL VOTES BY VOICE: The Sen­ate also con­firmed a set of senior offi­cer nom­i­na­tions in the Air Force, Army, Marine Corps, Navy, and Space Force.

Key votes ahead

The House will take up sev­er­al bills, includ­ing the Choice in Auto­mo­bile Retail Sales Act of 2023 and the DETERRENT Act.

House Repub­li­cans are also plan­ning a vote on a res­o­lu­tion that would repeal the income-dri­ven repay­ment plan for new and exist­ing stu­dent loan bor­row­ers cre­at­ed by the final rule pub­lished by the Depart­ment of Edu­ca­tion on July 10th, 2023, and pro­hib­it the depart­ment from cre­at­ing a sim­i­lar plan in the future.

The Sen­ate will con­sid­er the nom­i­na­tion of Irma Car­ril­lo Ramirez, of Texas, to be a Unit­ed States Cir­cuit Judge for the Fifth Cir­cuit (which encom­pass­es Texas, Louisiana, and Mis­sis­sip­pi.) The Sen­ate may also con­sid­er the nom­i­na­tion of Loren L. AliKhan to be a Unit­ed States Dis­trict Judge for the Dis­trict of Columbia.

Edi­tor’s Note: The infor­ma­tion in NPI’s week­ly How Cas­ca­di­a’s U.S. law­mak­ers vot­ed fea­ture is pro­vid­ed by Tar­get­ed News Ser­vice. All rights are reserved. Repro­duc­tion of this post is not per­mit­ted, not even with attri­bu­tion. Use the per­ma­nent link to this post to share it… thanks!

© 2023 Tar­get­ed News Ser­vice, LLC. 

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